A/ Prof Stephanie Goodhew

Associate Professor in Psychology
BPsych Sc (Hons) PhD

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Associate Professor, The Australian National University (2021-present)

Australian Research Council (ARC) Future Fellow, The Australian National University (2017-2021)

Senior Lecturer, The Australian National University (2017-2020)

Australian Research Council (ARC) Discovery Early Career Researcher, The Australian National University (2014-2016)

Lecturer, The Australian National University (2012-2016)

Postdoctoral Fellowship (funded by Ontario Government), University of Toronto, Canada (2011-2012)

PhD (with Dean’s Award for Research Higher Degree Excellence), University of Queensland (2008-2011)

Bachelor of Psychological Science (Hons I) with University Medal, University of Queensland (2004-2007)


Current External Roles:

Associate Editor, Consciousness and Cognition

Guest Editor, Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance

Consulting Editor, Emotion


Current University Administration Roles:

Higher Degree Research (HDR) Convenor for Psychology

Administrator for SONA (Research participation website)




Research interests

Key research interest: Subjective cognitive failures and objective performance

To err is human: we all make mistakes in everyday life. Sometimes such everyday cognitive slips and lapses have relatively trivial consequences, such as the inconvenience of missing a forgotten-about appointment. But other times, such cognitive failures can have profound consequences, such as failing to notice a safety-critical sign by the side of the road resulting in a car crash. While everyone succumbs to cognitive failures, there are clear and meaningful individual differences in the frequency with which they are experienced. One measure that has a long and illustrious history of measuring these differences is the Cognitive Failures Questionnaire (CFQ).

CFQ scores are related to a host of important real-world outcomes, such as a person’s risk of being responsible for a car crash or work accident. I have an ongoing program of research investigating the mechanisms underlying cognitive failures, and assessing the convergences and divergences between people’s subjective experiences of cognitive failures and their objective performance on important cognitive tasks.

If you are interested in the new and improved Cognitive Failures Questionnaire 2.0, please see below.

Key research interest: Understanding the mechanisms of safe driving in older adults

Older adult drivers are at increased risk of road fatalities compared with other adult drivers. But driving represents an important way for older adults to maintain their independence and well-being. Therefore, I am interested in identifying the cognitive processes that are critical to safe driving, and developing training programs that can be used to improve older adult driving safety.

Key research interest: Attentional breadth and dynamic rescaling of attentional focus

In many real-world visual tasks, the spatial extent of one’s focus of attention is important. For example, when driving a car, reading the speedometer requires a narrow focus of attention, whereas monitoring for other traffic requires a broad focus. It is therefore important to be able to quickly rescale attention. I am interested in the mechanisms of dynamic rescaling of visual attentional focus, including identifying individual differences in this process, as well as testing whether resizing efficiency can be improved via training.

Key research interest: Empathy

Empathy is a multifactorial process, consisting of at least two dissociable processes: affective empathy (i.e., feeling what others are feeling, with the knowledge of the source of the emotion), and cognitive empathy (taking another person’s perspective, to understand their thoughts, feelings, and beliefs). I am interested in how the different components of empathy interact to determine a person’s actions (e.g., whether and how they help others), and I am also interested in the role of domain-general cognitive processes such as attentional control and working memory in cognitive empathy.                             

Key research interest: Emotion, anxiety, and attentional control

I am interested in the interplay between stimuli of emotional significance and visual attention, and how individual differences (e.g., in trait anxiety and social anxiety) moderate this interplay. I am also interested in understanding the role of attentional control more broadly (not limited to emotionally-salient stimuli) in anxiety.

Key research interest: Low prevalence visual search

Humans are very likely to miss visual search targets when they are rare (i.e., low prevalence). This has important implications for real-world professional visual search tasks, such as diagnostic medical imaging and airport baggage security screening – which are characterised by rare targets, plus dire consequences of missing targets (e.g., tumour in a scan, weapon in a bag).  

This detrimental effect of low target prevalence on visual search accuracy is observed even in trained professionals in real world settings, including cytologists involved in cervical cancer screening searching for abnormal cells in radiological images, radiologists examining breast-cancer screening images, and newly-trained transport security officers searching through simulated bag images.

Given the critical real-world implications of rare target visual search, I am interested in understanding the role of cognitive factors and individual differences as means of improving the accuracy of rare target visual search.

Key Research Interest: Migraine

Migraine affects about 1 in 7 people, but about half of those do not know that they have migraine. I am interested in improving general knowledge about migraine, its characteristics, and treatments options. For instance, my recent research revealed that 1 in 5 migraineurs did not know that there are prescription medications available to help reduce the frequency and severity of attacks. This means that people are missing out on available treatments, and may be suffering unnecessarily. There are also acute medications available which help to minimise a migraine once it starts. However, these need to be used sparingly, because over-use of such treatments can lead to rebound headaches - creating the issue for which treatment is sought. Overuse of such medications is a common route via which migraines transition from episodic to chronic. Despite this, my recent found that 1 in 5 migraineurs were not aware of this risk. Again, this calls for public health campaigns to improve migraine awareness. I'm interested in understanding the prevalence and impact of migraine across physical and psychological health.

The Cognitive Failures Questionnaire 2.0:

We have recently developed a new and improved 15-item measure of subjective cognitive function, called the Cognitive Failures Questionnaire 2.0 (Goodhew & Edwards, 2024, Personality and Individual Differences).

For information about it, please see: https://stephaniegoodhew.wixsite.com/the-cognitive-failur


Goodhew, S. C., & Edwards, M. (2024). The Cognitive Failures Questionnaire 2.0. Personality and Individual Differences, 218, 112472. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2023.112472


Teaching information

PSYC1004 Psychology 2: Understanding People in Context (Personality Module)

PSYC2008 Cognition

PSYC3015 Visual & Cognitive Neuroscience (Cognitive Neuroscience Module)


Building 39, University Avenue, Australian National University, Canberra ACT 2601


Wyche, N.J., Edwards, M., & Goodhew S.C. (2024). Different deployments of  attentional breadth selectively predict UFOV task performance in older adults. Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications, 9(1), 42. doi:

Goodhew, S. C., & Edwards, M. (2024). Psychopathic traits and attentional control: Antisociality associated with poorer real-world cognitive functioning and egocentricity associated with poorer low-prevalence visual search performance due to quitting early. Personality and Individual Differences, 227, 112706. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2024.112706

Edwards, M., Denniston, D., Bariesheff, C., Wyche, N. J., & Goodhew, S.C. (2024). Individual differences in emotion-induced blindness: Are they reliable and what do they measure? Attention, Perception, and Psychophysics. doi: 10.3758/s13414-024-02900-y [epub ahead of print]

Goodhew, S.C., & Edwards, M. (2024). Reduced low-prevalence visual search detriment with increasing age: Implications for cognitive theories of aging and real-world search tasks. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review. doi: 10.3758/s13423-024-02457-9. [epub ahead of print]

Goodhew, S.C., & Edwards, M. (2024). Broad attention does not buffer the impact of emotionally salient stimuli on performance. Cognition and Emotion, 38(3), 332-347. doi: 10.1080/02699931.2023.2287265.

Goodhew, S.C., & Edwards, M. (2024). Cognitive Failures Questionnaire 2.0. Personality and Individual Differences, 218, 112472. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2023.112472

Goodhew, S.C., & Edwards, M. (2024). Elevated Cognitive Failures in Trait Anxiety. Personality and Individual Differences,  216, 112418. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2023.112418

Campbell, N.M., Dawel, A., Edwards, M., & Goodhew, S.C. (2024). Four best-practice recommendations for improving the conceptualization and operationalization of motivational intensity: Response to Kaczmarek and Harmon-Jones. Emotion, 24(1), 299-302. doi: 10.1037/emo0001292

Goodhew, S.C., & Edwards, M. (2023). Individual differences in emotional reactions to bistable perception. Journal of Personality. doi: 10.1111/jopy.12861 [epub ahead of print]

Wyche, N.J., Edwards, M., & Goodhew, S.C. (2024). An updating-based working memory load alters the dynamics of eye movements but not their spatial extent during free viewing of natural scenes. Attention, Perception, and Psychophysics, 86(2), 503-524. doi: 10.3758/s13414-023-02741-1 doi: 10.3758/s13414-023-02741-1 

Edwards, M., & Goodhew, S.C. (2023). Emotion-induced blindness is impervious to working memory load. Affective Science, 4, 394-400doi: 10.1007/s42761-022-00176-9

Goodhew, S.C., & Edwards, M. (2023). Subjective assessments of cognition and affect and their relationship with objective performance: Individuals with high levels of cognitive failures or negative affect miss more rare visual targets. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 152(3), 749-762. doi: 10.1037/xge0001294

Campbell, N.M., Dawel, A., Edwards, M., & Goodhew, S.C. (2023). Motivational direction diverges from valence for sadness, anger, and amusement: A role for appraisals? Emotion, 23 (5), 1334–1348. doi: 10.1037/emo0001165

Goodhew, S.C., & Edwards, M. (2022). Don’t look now! Emotion-induced blindness: The interplay between emotion and attention. Attention, Perception, and Psychophysics, 84(8), 2741-2761doi: 10.3758/s13414-022-02525-z 

O'Brien, S. L. B., Christensen, B. K., & Goodhew, S.C. (2022). Shifting threat criterion for morphed facial expressions reduces negative affect. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 152, 104067. doi:10.1016/j.brat.2022.104067

Goodhew, S.C., & Edwards, M. (2022). Both negative and positive task-irrelevant stimuli contract attentional breadth in individuals with high levels of negative affect. Cognition and Emotion, 36, 317-331. doi: 10.1080/02699931.2021.2009445

Goodhew, S.C., & Edwards, M. (2022). The relationship between cognitive failures and empathy. Personality and Individual Differences, 186, 111384. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2021.111384

Delchau, H.L., Christensen, B.K., Lipp, O.V., & Goodhew, S.C. (2022). The effect of social anxiety on top-down attentional orienting to emotional faces. Emotion, 22(3), 572-585. doi:10.1037/emo0000764

Talipski, L.A., Goodhew, S.C., & Edwards, M. (2022). No effect of spatial attention on the processing of a motion ensemble: Evidence from Posner cueing. Attention, Perception, and Psychophysics, 84, 1845–1857. doi: 10.3758/s13414-021-02392-0 

Thomson, K.J., & Goodhew, S.C. (2021). The relationship between the subjective experience of real-world cognitive failures and objective target-detection performance in visual search. Cognition, 217, 104914. doi:

Goodhew, S.C., Reynolds, K., Edwards, M., & Kidd, E. (2021). The content of gender stereotypes embedded in language use. Journal of Language and Social Psychology, 41(2), 219-231. doi: 10.1177/0261927X211033930.

Edwards, M., Goodhew, S.C., & Badcock, D. (2021). Using perceptual tasks to selectively measure magnocellular and parvocellular performance: Rationale and a user’s guide. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 28(4), 1029-1050. doi: 10.3758/s13423-020-01874-w

Yabuki, H., & Goodhew, S.C. (2021). The efficiency of visual search for a frequently changed target is preserved in older adults. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 74(6), 1070-1082doi: 10.1177/1747021820986353

Campbell, N.M., Dawel, A., Edwards, M., & Goodhew, S.C. (2021). Does motivational intensity exist distinct from valence and arousal? Emotion, 21(5), 1013-1028. doi: 10.1037/emo0000883

Goodhew, S.C., & Edwards, M. (2021). Attentional control both helps and harms empathy. Cognition, 206, 104505. doi: 10.1016/j.cognition.2020.104505

Talipski, L., Bell, E., Goodhew, S.C., Dawel, A., & Edwards, M. (2021). Examining the effects of social anxiety and other individual differences on gaze-directed attentional shifts. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 74(4), 771-785. doi: 10.1177/1747021820973954

Goodhew, S.C. (2021). When cognitive control harms rather than helps: Individuals with high working memory capacity are less efficient at infrequent contraction of attentional breadth. Psychological Research, 85(4), 1783-1800. doi: 10.1007/s00426-020-01344-x

Goodhew, S.C., & Kidd, E. (2020). Bliss is blue and bleak is grey: Abstract word-colour associations influence objective performance even when not task relevant. Acta Psychologica, 206, 103067. doi: 10.1016/j.actpsy.2020.103067

Goodhew, S.C. (2020). The Breadth of Visual Attention. (part of Elements in Perception series, edited by J. T. Enns), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Goodhew, S.C., Dawel, A., & Edwards, M. (2020). Standardizing measurement in psychological studies: On why one second has different value in a sprint versus a marathon. Behavior Research Methods, 52(6), 2338-2348. doi: 10.3758/s13428-020-01383-7

Goodhew, S.C. (2020). Applying an individual-differences lens to understanding human cognition. Consciousness and Cognition, 79, 102883doi: 10.1016/j.concog.2020.102883

Delchau, H.L., Christensen, B.K., Lipp, O.V., O'Kearney, R., Bandara, K.H., Tan, N., Yabuki, H., & Goodhew, S.C. (2020). Searching for emotion: A top-down set governs attentional orienting to facial expressions. Acta Psychologica, 204, 103024. doi: 10.1016/j.actpsy.2020.103024

Lawrence, R. K., Edwards, M. E., Talipski, L. A., & Goodhew, S.C. (2020). A critical review of the cognitive and perceptual factors influencing attentional scaling and visual processing. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 27, 405-422. doi:10.3758/s13423-019-01692-9

Proud, M., Goodhew, S.C., & Edwards, M. (2020). A vigilance avoidance account of spatial selectivity in dual-stream emotion induced blindness. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 27(2), 322-329. doi: 10.3758/s13423-019-01690-x

Lawrence, R.K., Edwards, M., & Goodhew, S.C. (2020). The impact of scaling rather than shaping attention: Changes in the scale of attention using global motion inducers influence both spatial and temporal acuity. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 46(3), 313-323. doi: 10.1037/xhp0000708

Delchau, H. L., Christensen, B.K., O’Kearney, R. & Goodhew, S.C. (2020). What is top-down about seeing enemies? Social anxiety and attention to threat. Attention, Perception, and Psychophysics, 82(4), 1779-1792. doi: 10.3758/s13414-019-01920-3

Lawrence, R.K., Edwards, M., Choong, C.W., Cox, J.A., & Goodhew, S.C. (2020). Does cultural background predict the spatial distribution of attention? Culture and Brain, 8, 137-165. doi: 10.1007/s40167-019-00086-x

Goodhew, S.C. (2020). What was that object? On the role of identity information in the formation of object files and conscious object perception. Psychological Research, 84(7), 2018-2033. doi: 10.1007/s00426-019-01200-7

Wu, Q., Kidd, E., & Goodhew, S.C. (2019). The spatial mapping of concepts in English and Mandarin. Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 31(7), 703-724. doi: 10.1080/20445911.2019.1663354

Goodhew, S.C. (2019). Migraine Literacy and Treatment in a University Sample. SN Comprehensive Clinical Medicine, 1(10), 749-757. doi:10.1007/s42399-019-00124-y

Goodhew, S.C. (2019). The independence of endogenous attentional orienting and object individuation. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance. 45(10), 1389-1398. doi: 10.1037/xhp0000682.

Goodhew, S.C., & Plummer, A.S. (2019). Flexibility in resizing attentional breadth: Asymmetrical versus symmetrical attentional contraction and expansion costs depends on context. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. 72(10), 2527–2540. doi: 10.1177/1747021819846831.

Goodhew, S.C., & Edwards, M. (2019). Translating experimental paradigms into individual-differences research: Contributions, challenges, and practical recommendations. Consciousness and Cognition, 69, 14-25. doi:10.1016/j.concog.2019.01.008

Dawel, A., Wong, T.Y., McMorrow, J., Ivanovici, C., He, X., Barnes, N., Irons, J., Gradden, T., Robbins, R., Goodhew, S.C., Lane, J., & McKone, E. (2019). Caricaturing as a general method to improve poor face recognition: Evidence from low-resolution images, other-race faces, and older adults. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 25(2), 256-279. doi: 10.1037/xap0000180.

Lawrence, R.K., Edwards, M., & Goodhew, S.C. (2018). Changes in the spatial spread of attention with ageing. Acta Psychologica, 188, 188-199. doi: 10.1016/j.actpsy.2018.06.009

Cox, J. A., Christensen, B. K., & Goodhew, S.C. (2018). Temporal dynamics of anxiety-related attentional bias: is affective context a missing piece of the puzzle? Cognition and Emotion, 32(6), 1329-1338. doi: 10.1080/02699931.2017.1386619

Corke, M., Bell, J., Goodhew, S.C., Smithson, M., & Edwards, M. (2018). Perceived time slows during fleeting fun or fear. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 71(2), 562-567. doi: 10.1080/17470218.2016.1264000

Boal, H.L., Christensen, B.K., & Goodhew, S.C. (2018). Social anxiety and  attentional biases: A top-down contribution? Attention, Perception, and Psychophysics, 80(1), 42-53. doi: 10.3758/s13414-017-1415-5

Goodhew, S.C., Lawrence, R.K., & Edwards, M. (2017). Testing the generality of the zoom-lens model: Evidence for visual-pathway specific effects of attended-region size on perception. Attention, Perception, and Psychophysics, 79(4), 1147-1164. doi: 10.3758/s13414-017-1306-9

Goodhew, S.C. (2017). What have we learned from two decades of object substitution masking? Time to update: object individuation prevails over substitution. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 43(6), 1249-1262. doi: 10.1037/xhp0000395

Goodhew, S.C., & Edwards, M. (2017). Objects but not concepts modulate the size of the attended region. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 70(7), 1353-1365. doi:10.1080/17470218.2016.1183687. 

Goodhew, S.C., & Kidd, E. (2017). Language use statistics and prototypical grapheme colours predict synaesthetes' and non-synaesthetes' word-colour associations. Acta Psychologica, 173, 73-86. doi: 10.1016/j.actpsy.2016.12.008

Goodhew, S.C., & Edwards, M. (2016). Object individuation is invariant to attentional diffusion: Changes in the size of the attended region do not interact with object substitution masking. Cognition, 157, 358-364. doi: 10.1016/j.cognition.2016.10.006.

Goodhew, S.C. (2016). Review: When masks reveal more than they hide. American Journal of Psychology, 129(3), 350-355. doi: 10.5406/amerjpsyc.129.3.0350

Goodhew, S.C., & Kidd, E. (2016). The conceptual cueing database: Rated items for the study of the interaction between language and attention. Behavior Research Methods, 48, 1004-1007. doi: 10.3758/s13428-015-0625-9

Goodhew, S. C., Shen, E., & Edwards, M. (2016). Selective spatial enhancement: Attentional spotlight size impacts spatial but not temporal perception. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 23(4), 1144-1149. doi: 10.3758/s13423-015-0904-6

Goodhew, S.C., Greenwood, J.A., & Edwards, M. (2016). Categorical information influences conscious perception: An interaction between object-substitution masking and repetition blindness. Attention, Perception, and Psychophysics, 78(4), 1186-1202. doi: 10.3758/s13414-016-1073-z

Goodhew, S.C., & Clarke, R. (2016). Contributions of the parvocellular and magnocellular pathways to visual perception near the hands are not fixed, but can be dynamically altered. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 23(1), 156-162. doi: 10.3758/s13423-015-0844-1

Goodhew, S.C., Edwards, M., Ferber, S., & Pratt, J. (2015). Altered visual perception near the hands: A critical review of attentional and neurophysiological models. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 55, 223-233. doi: 10.3758/s13423-015-0844-1

Goodhew, S. C., Freire, M. R., & Edwards, M. (2015). Enhanced semantic priming in synesthetes independent of sensory binding. Consciousness and Cognition, 33, 443-456. doi: 10.1016/j.concog.2015.02.019

Goodhew, S.C., Edwards, M., Boal, H.L., & Bell, J. (2015). Two objects or one? Similarity rather than complexity determines objecthood when resolving dynamic input. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 40(1), 102-110. doi: 10.1037/xhp0000022

Goodhew, S.C., Fogel, N., & Pratt, J. (2014). The nature of altered vision near the hands: Evidence for the magnocellular enhancement account from object correspondence through occlusion. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 21(6), 1452-1458. doi: 10.3758/s13423-014-0622-5

Goodhew, S.C., McGaw, B., & Kidd, E. (2014). Why is the sunny side always up? Explaining the spatial mapping of concepts by language use. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 21(5), 1287-1293. doi: 10.3758/s13423-014-0593-6

Goodhew, S.C., Kendall, W., Ferber, S., & Pratt, J. (2014). Setting semantics: Conceptual set can determine the physical properties that capture attention. Attention, Perception, and Psychophysics, 76(6)1577-1589. doi: 10.3758/s13414-014-0686-3.

Goodhew, S.C., Boal, H.L., & Edwards, M. (2014). A magnocellular contribution to conscious perception via temporal object segmentation. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 40(3)948-959. doi: 10.1037/a0035769

Goodhew, S.C., Pratt, J., Dux, P.E., & Ferber, S. (2013). Substituting objects from consciousness: A review of object substitution masking. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 20(5), 859-877. doi: 10.3758/s13423-013-0400-9

Gozli, D.G., Goodhew, S.C., Moskowitz, J.B., & Pratt, J. (2013). Ideomotor perception modulates visuospatial cueing. Psychological Research, 77(5),528-539. doi: 10.1007/s00426-012-0461-9

Goodhew, S.C., Gozli, D.G., Ferber, S., & Pratt, J. (2013). Reduced temporal fusion in near-hand space. Psychological Science, 24(6), 891-900. doi: 10.1177/0956797612463402

Goodhew, S.C., Dux, P.E., Lipp, O.V., & Visser, T.A.W. (2012). Understanding recovery from object substitution masking. Cognition, 122(3), 405-415. doi:10.1016/j.cognition.2011.11.010

Goodhew, S.C., Visser, T.A.W., Lipp, O.V., & Dux, P.E. (2011). Competing for consciousness: Prolonged mask exposure reduces object substitution masking. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 37(2), 588-596. doi: 10.1037/a0018740

Goodhew, S.C., Visser, T.A.W., Lipp, O.V., & Dux, P.E. (2011). Implicit semantic perception in object substitution masking. Cognition, 118(1), 130-134. doi:10.1016/j.cognition.2010.10.013

Dux, P.E., Visser, T.A.W., Goodhew, S.C., & Lipp, O.V. (2010). Delayed re-entrant processing impairs visual awareness: An object-substitution masking study. Psychological Science, 21(9), 1242-1247.doi:10.1177/0956797610379866